Strategy: 2 former Navy SEAL commanders explain what Hollywood gets wrong about the SEALs
"Extreme Ownership" authors Jocko Willink and Leif Babin explain how SEAL myths distract from the discipline it takes to lead a successful mission.
Nearly all the movies, TV shows, and video games about the US Navy SEALs portray them as real-life superheroes.
This image may help draw people to Jocko Willink and Leif Babin, the former SEAL commanders behind the leadership consulting firm Echelon Front, but they're quick to dispel the notion.
Willink led Task Unit Bruiser, the most highly decorated special operations unit of the Iraq War, and Babin was his second-in-command as a senior platoon leader. The Muster conference was an extensive look at the principles explored in their New York Times best-seller, "Extreme Ownership."
Willink said most civilians tended to think that SEALs — and troops in general — take orders and follow them like robots.
He said the reality was that while SEALs may be highly trained, elite warriors, they're still humans with emotions. They are putting their lives and the lives of their friends on the line with every mission they take, and in a situation like that, you don't quietly follow orders you disagree with.
While the superhero versions of the SEALs always seem to quickly figure out a way to pinpoint the enemy and take them out, Babin said battle is chaotic and that it takes intense discipline to even figure out where the attack is coming from, let alone how to respond.
To successfully complete missions, Willink and Babin explained, SEAL commanders must create a culture where each SEAL takes ownership of their role in the mission and can make quick decisions when things get hectic.
Willink shared a hypothetical example:
Willink sets a mission for Babin and his team to secure a building and move to its roof to provide cover for another team. Babin's team gets to the roof only to see there are no protective walls, making them easy targets.
If Willink led his team poorly and Babin was just following orders, Babin would order his team to get on their bellies then would radio Willink to see what they should do next.
If Willink led his team well and Babin fully understood the mission objectives, Babin would immediately move his team off the roof and take them to the top floor to secure an adequate position, then notify Willink of the change of plans and why they were made.
Real leadership — whether on the battlefield or in the office — is not equal to being a dictator or assuming your troops can pull off any mission without proper guidance, Willink said.
He told Business Insider in a previous interview: "We work with great guys, but they're humans. They're human beings. They have attitudes. They have intelligence. They have free will. And they will question your planning. They will question your ideas. And you have to not just tell them what to do. More importantly, you have to lead them. You have to explain to them: This is why we're going to do this operation this way."